Type of Steroid Hormone
Steroid Hormone can be broadly classified into two types - the Corticosteroid and Anabolic steroids
1. about the Corticosteroid;
(Corticosteroids are naturally produced by the body, in the adrenal cortex above the kidney to be precise, and include steroid hormones that the body needs for proper functioning. The corticosteroids are divided into two classes - the glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids. )
Glucocorticoids are steroid hormones that play an important role in controlling the fat, protein and carbohydrate Glucocorticoidsmetabolism. These steroids also have anti-inflammatory properties as they prevent release of phospholipids, control the action of eosinophil, etc. These hormones are said to be named so, for their involvement in glucose metabolism.
Glucocorticoid levels in the body also affect the development of the fetus, as they play an important role in maturation of lungs and protecting the surfactant. Due to the affect they have on the amygdala, the frontal lobes and the hippocampus, the glucocorticoids also play a role in creation of flashbulb memories of intense emotional events, either negative or positive. They are also considered to have a strong impact on a person's cognitive (memory) and vigilant abilities.
Glucocorticoids can further be classified into metabolic and immunological, depending on their functionality. These steroid hormones are also used for a variety of therapeutic purposes and for controlling certain allergies, autoimmune and inflammatory disorders. They are also known to be useful in managing type 1 familial hyperaldosteronism, but not effective with type 2. Glucocorticoids are also used sometimes, in heart failure patients suffering from refractory diuretic resistance.
An example of glucocorticoids is cortisol, which is popularly known as the "stress hormone", for the role it plays in reducing stress in the individual. Cortisol is also an essential hormone in the human body as it regulates important metabolic, cardiovascular and immunologic functions. Other synthesized glucocorticoids are also used in humans, for suppressing an overactive immune system and in cases of glucocorticoid deficiency.
Mineralocorticoids are corticosteroids that play an important role in balancing the sodium levels in the body. Aldosterone is the key mineralocorticoid that is produced in the adrenal cortex. It acts on the kidneys, enabling active absorption of sodium. By regulating the sodium concentration in the body, this hormone regulates the individual's blood pressure.
1.3 Corticosteroids as medicines
When there is insufficient production of these endogenous hormones in your body, use of Corticosteroid medicines can help you regain the balance and control diseases. Corticosteroid medicines are basically anti-inflammatory drugs that control swelling of the air ways to lungs. They are also used to treat a variety of medical conditions like asthma, skin allergies, arthritis, lupus and more. Corticosteroid medicines are offered in the form of inhalers or intranasal sprays, tablets or oral medications, topical creams and ointments ad as injections. Commonly prescribed corticosteroids include dexamethasone, prednisone and prednisolone .
2 . About the Anabolic Steroids
When you hear the word, Steroid,on TV, or read about it in the newspapers, it is usually in connection to an athlete or a celebrity abusing it for professional gain. The steroids in question here are called Anabolic steroids, and they are not the same as corticosteroids. Sustanon
Anabolic steroids are synthesized compounds (man-made) that are related to male sex hormones called androgens. Anabolic steroids imitate the functions of testosterone, and are also referred to as anabolic androgenic steroids, or AAS. They are so called because of the effect they have on the individual. Anabolic steroids result in increase of protein within the body's cells and enhance muscle build. They also have virilizing properties, which is why they are prescribed for the development of masculine characteristics like growth of body hair, deepening of the vocal chords and development of the testicles.
Like the word, steroid, the terms - anabolic and androgenic - are also derived from Greek words, "anabole" and "andros", which mean "that which is thrown up" and "of a man" respectively. In simple words, the word, anabolic, refers to muscle or mass building and the word, andros, is related to masculinity.
Among the anabolic steroids that are commonly used, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone and nandrolone are the key ones, from which a variety of steroid analogues are derived. Of these three, testosterone is perhaps the most important and popular among people, as it affects the physiology of a person and also has medical benefits.